What Came Before the ADA?

What led up to the Americans with Disabilities Act?

Its safe to say that most people know about the Americans with Disability Act of 1990, also known as the ADA. It was a landmark civil rights achievement that was based on the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It created accessibility guidelines for businesses and schools, created programs to support disabled people living in the community, and so much more.

But the ADA wasn’t the first legislation created to help those with disabilities, though it’s the most famous. Before the ADA there was the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 (ABA) and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

What is the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968?

The Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 is legislation that mandates that all government building must be accessible to those with physical disabilities. In the document it talks about the need to regularly survey government buildings to ensure the following items are accessible:

  • Entrances
  • Parking and Passenger loading Zones
  • Accessible Routes
  • Ground and floor surfaces
  • Ramps – curb cuts
  • Stairs and handrails
  • Elevators and Platform li s
  • Toilet rooms, stalls, water closets, urinal
  • Signs, tactile warnings and alarms
  • Doors and Windows
  • Telephones
  • Drinking fountains
  • Controls and operating mechanisms

In Section 606 of the act it states:

“The following criteria have been established to assist in determining whether specific buildings and facilities are covered by the ABA.

  • All direct Federal building or facility constructions, acquisitions, or alterations for which design specifications were rendered on or after September 2, 1969.
  • All federally-assisted constructions, acquisitions, or alterations commencing with the rendering of design specifications on or after September 2, 1969.
  • All Federal Government leased facilities, built according to government specifications (e.g., square footage, fire or safety requirements, structural specifications, etc., not related to accessibility) leased on or after September 2, 1969.
  • All other facilities and space leased on or after January 1, 1977, or for which leases were renewed on or after that date.”

What this means is that all building must be accessible, whether they were built to be used as a government building such a city hall, or a leased store front in a plaza such as with the Erie County Department of Motor Vehicle office.

What is the Rehabilitation Act of 1973?

When you look up “Rehabilitation Act of 1973” you’ll see its easy to find information about sections 501-508, with Section 504 being the most well-known. These sections are from Title 5 of the Act, but there’s seven titles in total.

Title 1 talks about the need for programs that help people with disabilities find employment.

Title 2 talks about the need for research and to regularly follow up on the programs created through the Act to ensure oversight and success.

Title 3 covers the topic of hiring educators and trainers to facilitate the programs.

Title 4 creates a national council called the National Council on Disability (NCD). As stated in Section 400 Subsection D:

“The members of the National Council shall be individuals with disabilities, parents or guardians of individuals with disabilities, national leaders on disability policy, or other individuals who have substantial knowledge or experience relating to disability policy or issues that affect individuals with disabilities … A majority of the members of the National Council shall be individuals with disabilities.”

Current members of the council can be found on their website here.

Title 5 is the most well known because it provides tangible rights to access in everyday life. It covers topics such as employment, architectural barriers, nondiscrimination in Federally funded programs – including schools and universities, regulations for electronic and informational technology, and more.

Title 6 talks about the need for employment for people with disabilities and expands upon the training programs talked about in Title 1.

Title 7 is perhaps the largest title and covers the need for independent living options for those with disabilities. Section 701 states:

“The purpose of this chapter is to promote a philosophy of independent living, including a philosophy of consumer control, peer support, self-help, self-determination, equal access, and individual and system advocacy, in order to maximize the leadership, empowerment, independence, and productivity of individuals with dis­abilities, and the integration and full inclusion of individuals with disabilities into the mainstream of American society…”

Guidelines are set out for the States to follow when creating their independent living programs, for example each state must create a “Statewide Independent Living Council” that will be separate from government entities, and involved in the creation and oversight of their independent living program.  

If you’re of Native American decent you might be glad to hear that this Title specifically states these councils will include representatives from tribal related independent living centers.

The website for New York State can be found here.

Its Been a Long Road

Its been 30 years since the passing of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 52 years since the passing of the Architectural Barriers Act and 47 years since the passing of the Rehabilitations Act – or 43 years if you don’t consider it passed until the inclusion of Section 504.

But its not done.

77,827 Replies to “What Came Before the ADA?”

  1. Холистическая терапия и регрессия часто применяется для того, чтобы решить разные проблемы. На сайте http://aliya-ra.ru можно узнать, как происходит личный, а также дистанционный прием. Нужный результат получить можно сразу же после первого же обращения. Благодаря большому опыту работы, биоэнергетик Алия Раза Хан хорошо понимает тонкости многих сложившихся ситуаций. Работа с подсознанием, а также консультации по вопросам личностного роста всегда осуществляются осознанно.

  2. Bahigo Giriş

    Güvenilir giriş adreslerine sahip olan ve ülkemizde
    uzun zamandır bahis faaliyetlerine devam eden bahigo firması, bahisçilerin ilk olarak tercih
    ettiği bahis sitesidir. Bahigo giriş adresi üzerinden siteye kolay
    ve hızlı şekilde giriş yapabilir ve istediğiniz futbol karşılaşmasına maç başlamadan iddaa
    oynayabilirsiniz.

    Siteye güvenli şekilde üye olmak için, sitenin bahisçilere
    yolladığı giriş adresi linkinden de kolaylıkla ulaşabilirsiniz.
    Güvenilir bahis şirketleri içerisinde yer alan ve değişik oyunlar ile para kazandıran bahigo firması,
    üyelerine para yatırma seçeneği olarak da farklı
    alternatifler sunmaktadır.

    Bahigo giriş

  3. Факты о звездных новостях и знаменитостях в мире шоу-бизнеса http://www.newstheme.ru/?page_id=12208 можно прочитать. В нынешнем шоу-бизнесе происходят зачастую неожиданные вещи и для того, чтобы быть в курсе всех новостей, следует посещать сайт почаще. Рассказы о прошедших событиях, популярных светских мероприятиях и премьерах всегда интересно читать. Здесь найти информацию можно о личной жизни людей и их планах творческих, а также просмотреть фотографии, снятые профессионалами.

  4. Во многих системах применяются подводки из нержавеющей стали, и на веб-странице https://shemi-otopleniya.ru/ возможно найти подводку нужного вам размера. Также можно подробно ознакомиться с информацией о товаре. Платформа дает ответы на все вопросы: где и как используется гибкая подводка, каких видов она бывает. Можно ознакомиться с основным каталогом товаров, но не стоит забывать об акциях. В соответствующем разделе находятся товары со скидкой, чтобы покупателям было приятно экономить на приобретении материала.

  5. В интернет-магазине “Загород Маркет” вас ждет широкий ассортимент товаров для дачных и загородных домов. В каталоге представлены пластиковые погреба, септики, станции биологической очистки, колодцы, резервуары, кессоны. В магазине представлены качественные изделия, которые прослужат долгое время. По ссылке https://zagorod-market.ru/ можно подобрать товары с оптимальными параметрами для установки на участке. Номер телефона для консультаций указан на сайте. Доставка осуществляется в Москве и Санкт-Петербурге.

  6. Недвижимость и автомобили купить на сайте https://finikogold.ru/ можно действительно выгодно. Закрытие долгов, погашение кредитов и займов, а также иных обязательств происходит всегда на выгодных для клиента условиях. Обратить собственное внимание можно на кэшбек-сервис с возвратом от 15 до 25%, использование которого является выгодным для всех. Купить продукты питания, оплатить аптечные лекарства, купить билеты и увеличить капитал можно действительно просто.

  7. Instagram takipçi satın al önemli bir aşamadır.

    İş sahipleri müşterilere yakından temas etmek ve dijital satışlarını da fiziksel ürünleri kadar pazarlamaya açık bir hale getirebilmek adına instagram takipçi satın alma stratejilerini kullanır. Güçlü ve kurumsal bir yapı olan takipbonus.com, en uygun fiyat garantisiyle instagram takipçi sayınızı arttırmaya ve sizi popüler bir sayfa haline getirmeye çabalar.

  8. [url=https://propeciahairloss.com/]propecia hair growth[/url] [url=https://cialisviagrakamagra.com/]cheap sildenafil from india[/url] [url=https://viagraftab.com/]viagra 25 mg no prescription[/url] [url=https://pharmicx.com/]40 mg prozac[/url] [url=https://willpharmx.com/]zoloft rx discount[/url] [url=https://zzdrugstore.com/]best canadian online pharmacy[/url] [url=https://viagrasildenafilcialistadalafil.com/]viagra generic paypal[/url] [url=https://sildenafilxtab.com/]viagra price online[/url] [url=https://tadalafilicialis.com/]generic cialis in usa[/url] [url=https://cialisnn.com/]order tadalafil online india[/url]

  9. [url=https://cialisnn.com/]cialis generic best price[/url] [url=https://albuterolmed.com/]albuterol for sale[/url] [url=https://sildenafilplustadalafil.com/]buy viagra 200mg[/url] [url=https://cialisbtab.com/]tadalafil gel[/url] [url=https://tadalafilicialis.com/]cialis paypal australia[/url] [url=https://cialistab20.com/]tadalafil online[/url] [url=https://gmxpharm.com/]azithromycin rx[/url]

  10. Instagram takipçi satın al önemli bir aşamadır.

    İş sahipleri müşterilere yakından temas etmek ve dijital satışlarını da fiziksel ürünleri kadar pazarlamaya açık bir hale getirebilmek adına instagram takipçi satın alma stratejilerini kullanır. Güçlü ve kurumsal bir yapı olan takipbonus.com, en uygun fiyat garantisiyle instagram takipçi sayınızı arttırmaya ve sizi popüler bir sayfa haline getirmeye çabalar.

  11. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a
    colleague who was conducting a little homework on this.
    And he in fact ordered me dinner because I found it for him…

    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this issue
    here on your blog.

  12. Ama bahisçilerin tercih ettiği bahis siteleri arasında, legal
    kurallara uygun şekilde bahis hizmeti veren canlı bahis firmaları gelmektedir.
    Online bahis siteleri içerisinde yer alan canlı bahis firmaları kurumsal bahis şirketi vasfına sahiptir.

    Bu sitelere üye olmak ise sadece üç ile beş dakika arasında
    olmaktadır.

    Üstelik canlı bahis siteleri bahis severlere hoşgeldin üyelik bonusu veren sağlam ve
    dünyanın en çok bonus veren firmalarıdır.
    Siz de bahis siteleri içerisinde yer alan çok sayıda futbol karşılaşmasına iddaa oynayabilir ve güvenli şekilde para kazanabilirsiniz.

    Canlı bahis siteleri

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *